Although cancer in children and teenagers is rare, between 800 and 1000 children under the age of 15 in South Africa are diagnosed with cancer each year.
This can be a devastating diagnosis and can have a huge effect on a whole family. It is recommended that families in this situation contact a CANSA Care Centre and Care Clinic by dialling 0800 22 66 22 to get information about services in their area.
Most childhood cancers can be treated successfully if they are detected early and the chances of survival are as high as 77%.
The types of cancers teens get have one thing in common: cells, which are the building block of the body, grow in an uncontrolled way.
Types of cancer in children and teenagers
Childhood cancers are caused by a variety of genetic and environmental factors. Leukaemia is the most prevalent kind of cancer among all South African children. Bone cancer, or osteosarcoma can occur in teenagers during a growth spurt. Testicular cancer is also found in teenage boys.
The warning signs of cancer in children (which can also be symptoms of many other conditions or diseases) can include unexplained weight loss, headaches and vomiting, swelling and pain in the bones and joints, a lump, development of excessive bruising, bleeding, or a rash, constant infections, constant tiredness, vision changes and recurrent fevers.
It is recommended that children be treated at paediatric oncology clinics wherever possible. Treatment can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. CANSA care homes can provide home-from home accommodation to patients undergoing cancer treatment at oncology clinics far from their homes. There are also facilities in Pretoria and Polokwane for parents of children being treated for cancer. Contact CANSA on 0800 22 66 22 for more information.
In the interest of our patients, in accordance with SA law and our commitment to expertise, MediHub cannot subscribe to the practice of online diagnosis. Please consult a medical professional for specific medical advice. If you have any major concerns, please see your doctor for an assessment. If you have any cause for concern, your GP will be able to direct you to the appropriate specialists.