How to manage male breast cancer

How to manage male breast cancer

Breast cancer affects women for the most part, but men can get it too. As for why, men also have breast tissue, making them open to developing malignant tumours that start from cells of the breast.

Luckily, you can actively manage the risk of getting male breast cancer by taking certain steps.

Signs & Symptoms

Watch out for the following symptoms on your body as they may indicate breast cancer.

  • A lump or swelling, which is ordinarily painless
  • Nipple retraction
  • Skin dimpling or puckering
  • Redness or scaling of the nipple or breast skin
  • Discharge from the nipple

You should also remember that most breast problems are not breast cancer, and that signs and symptoms of it may flow from other health conditions. Still, you ought to have any unusual symptoms looked at by a doctor, even though less than 1% of all breast cancers affect men.

Sadly, many men don’t report symptoms of the disease to their doctors, possibly because they don’t know men can get breast cancer, or because they’re embarrassed. That’s why men are frequently diagnosed at a later stage than women.


The best time to do the self-examination is during or after a bath or shower, when he skin is smooth and relaxed. As for how to do the self-exam:

  • Check one breast at a time
  • Use your right hand fingers to check your left breast, and vice versa
  • Keep your fingers flat against the breast and press firmly in small, clockwise circles
  • Begin at the outermost top edge of your breast. Spiral towards the nipple
  • Feel hard lumps or bumps, and be sure to cover all parts of your breast
  • Gently squeeze both nipples. Look for any discharge
  • Look carefully for changes in the size, shape and contour of the breasts. That is, puckering, dimpling or changes in skin texture etc

Medical check-ups

If breast cancer runs in your family, perhaps ask your doctor about developing a breast-screening programme. Otherwise, get into the habit of doing a monthly self-exam. And remember that early detection will improve your chances of successfully treating the disease.


In the interest of our patients, in accordance with South African law and our commitment to expertise, MediHub cannot subscribe to the practice of online diagnosis. Please consult a medical professional for specific medical advice. If you have any major concerns, please see your doctor for an assessment. If you have any cause for concern, your GP will be able to direct you to the appropriate specialists.

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