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The prevalence of diabetes globally has more than doubled during the past 20 years 1. The rise in diabetes prevalence mirrors the rise in its main risk factors –overweight and obesity, and physical inactivity2.

Identifying The Risks

Diabetes is a chronic disease which adversely affects your body’s ability to produce or use insulin, which is the hormone that converts food into energy. With diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or cannot use the insulin as it should. If glucose can’t enter the cells, it stays in the bloodstream, leading to high glucose levels known as “glucotoxicity”3.

It’s important to understand the risk factors associated with diabetes as earlier detection and better management of diabetes to help reduce risk or improve treatment outcomes4.

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  1. ScienceDirect – The Lancet. Diabetes: a 21st century challenge.
  2. International Journal of noncommunicable diseases. WHO Global report on diabetes: A summary.;year=2016;volume=1;issue=1;spage=3;epage=8;aulast=Roglic
  3. ProQuest. What you should know about diabetes.
  4. Wiley Online library. Diabetes risk score: towards earlier detection of Type 2 diabetes in general practice.;2-R